IP addresses can be divided into three categories, based on how they are used to identify the receiver of a packet:
- Unicast addresses: These are the most common addresses in regular networks and on the Internet. They identify a single device and Unicast traffic is destined to a unique machine.
- Multicast addresses: These addresses identify a group of devices in a network (i.e., they don’t identify a single device or all devices). Multicast traffic is commonly used by multimedia applications that must transmit the same packet to multiple destinations. Only devices that are part . . .
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