Before the adoption of automated ways to provide IP addressing for the devices in a network, this was performed manually. The network administrator had to go to each computer and configure the following parameters:
- IP address
- Subnet mask
- DNS servers
- NTP servers
In October 1993, the first automated way to allocate IP addresses was introduced: the Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP). Even though it was a major improvement over the traditional method, BOOTP had some limitations. Because BOOTP was not able to configure every parameter, the network administrator had . . .
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