Split cables are basically cabling mistakes (usually in UTP cabling) that translate to specific wires being twisted in the wrong pairs. One of the challenges of troubleshooting a split cable is that a regular wire mapping test would show no errors, as each wire is connected to the proper pin at each end. In this case, the problem is within the cable and is hidden by the cable jacket.
Split cables usually impact performance as the wire gets longer because near-end crosstalk occurs and it increases with distance. As traffic is sent further down the line and the signal . . .
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