A network engineer should have a very clear picture of the advantages IPv6 brings over IPv4. Looking at the enhancements of IPv6, we can summarise the following:
- Ipv6 has an expanded address space, from 32 bits to 128 bits.
- IPv6 uses hexadecimal notation instead of dotted-decimal notation (as in IPv4).
- IPv6 addresses are globally unique due to the extended address space, eliminating the need for NAT.
- IPv6 has a fixed header length (40 bytes), allowing vendors to improve switching efficiency.
- IPv6 supports enhanced options (that offer new features) by . . .
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