Like HSRP, Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP) is a Cisco proprietary protocol. Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP) provides high network availability by in a manner similar to HSRP and VRRP. However, unlike HSRP and VRRP, in which only a single gateway actively forwards traffic for a particular group at any given time, GLBP allows multiple gateways within the same GLBP group to actively forward network traffic at the same time.
GLBP gateways communicate through Hello messages that are sent every 3 seconds to the Multicast address 126.96.36.199, using UDP port 3222. This is illustrated in Figure 8 . . .
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